Ankle pain is often due to an ankle sprain but can also be caused by ankle instability, arthritis, gout, tendonitis, fracture, nerve compression (tarsal tunnel syndrome), joint infection or poor structural alignment of the leg or foot.
Ankle pain can be associated with swelling, stiffness, redness, and warmth in the involved area. The pain is often described as an intense dull ache that occurs upon weight bearing and ankle motion
A sprained ankle occurs following a sudden sideways or twisting movement of the foot that can occur during athletic events or during everyday activities. All it takes is an awkward step or an uneven surface to cause an ankle sprain–that is why sprained ankles are among the most common orthopaedic injuries.