Refers to any type of pain caused due to abnormal stress and strain on the muscles and joint of the spine. bone spursTypically this type of pain results from bad habits such as poor posture, poorly designed seating and incorrect bending or lifting motions and sleeping positions.

SPONDYLOSIS is the term referring to degenerative osteoarthritis changes of the spine. The joints in the spinal column become affected, resulting in a loss of flexibility and pain, as well as the possibility of the formation of bone spurs that can result in pressure on the adjacent nerves or spinal cord.

SPONDYLOLISTHESIS is the forward or backward slipping of one of the spinal vertebrae in relation to the others. Typical physical changes include generalized back stiffness, and a tightening of the hamstrings, with a resulting change in both posture and gait.

The posture will typically give the appearance that the individual leans forward slightly. Sitting and standing up may ne painful and difficult. Coughing and sneezing can also intensify the pain.

The individual may also note a “slipping sensation” when moving into an upright position.

STENOSIS is the abnormal narrowing of the spinal column that can occur in any region of the spine.

This condition occurs mostly in people older than 50 years of age, however, younger people with a spine injury or a narrow spinal canal are also at risk. Conditions such as arthritis and scoliosis can result in spinal stenosis too.
Symptoms might appear gradually or not at all. Symptoms include back or neck pain, numbness, weakness and limb pain.

Typically these patients will report that they cannot walk too far before they begin to feel the symptoms, but that after resting for several minutes these symptoms relieve.

Low back pain 3A bulging or “slipped” disc can potentially cause nerve compression. This may be as a result of direct physical pressure, or chemical irritation due to inflammation and localised swelling.

Tears in the disc may result in sever pain due to chemical irritation of the surrounding nerves.

Symptoms of a bulging disc can vary depending on the location and type of injury involved.

Not all disc bulges require surgery as a treatment option. There are many researched successful ways of treating a disc bulge conservatively with Chiropractic Care.