Osteoporosis is a disease of the bones that leads to an increased risk of fracture, as a result of reduced bone mineral density (BMD). Bone microarchitecture deteriorates, leaving the bone weakened.
Although more common in women, the disease also affects men, and can arise at any age if due to a secondary cause such as chronic medical problems or prolonged use of certain medications such as steroids.
Osteoporosis risks can be reduced and in some cases even reversed with certain lifestyle changes, weight bearing exercise and sometimes medication.
If you already have osteoporosis, it is extremely important to monitor your bone density regularly and prevent further bone loss. Fall prevention is also extremely important. The correct type of exercise will improve muscle strength, proprioception and balance and help prevent falls. Exercise with its anabolic effect, may at the same time stop or reverse osteoporosis.
This condition has a strong family history, so if there is a family member with osteoporosis, it is best to have your bone density checked out. This is done by means of an inexpensive, painless DEXA scan, which will measure the density of your bones.